The inclination for legal field is soaring high and so is the popularity of CLAT and AILET. With every passing year, not only is the number of applicants increasing, but the difficulty level of examination pattern is also going up at meteoric speed.
The Common Law Admission Test (CLAT) is a national level entrance exam for admissions to undergraduate (UG) and postgraduate (PG) law programmes offered by 22 National Law Universities around the country.
CLAT is organized by the Consortium of National Law Universities consisting of the representative universities.
CLAT is a pen and paper examination. That is, this examination will be conducted in offline mode and not in online mode.
CLAT 2020 exams rescheduled to September 28, 2020. See information
There will be no upper age limit for UG Programme in CLAT 2020.
As regards minimum percentage of marks in the qualifying examination (10+2 or an equivalent examination), the candidates must have secured: (i) 45% marks or its equivalent grade in case of candidates belonging to General / OBC / PWD / NRI / PIO / OCI categories (ii) 40% marks or equivalent in case of candidates belonging to SC/ST categories.
Candidates who are appearing in the qualifying examination in March/April, 2020 are also eligible to appear in CLAT 2020 examination. However, they shall be required to produce an evidence of their passing the qualifying examination at the time of admission, failing which they shall lose their right to be considered for admission.
The result of the qualifying examination (10+2) shall be submitted by the candidate at the time of admission failing which the candidate shall be ineligible for admission to the course.
You have to solve 150 (not 200 as in earlier exams) in two hours duration. Each question will carry one mark. There is negative marking too. There will be deduction of 0.25 mark for wrong answer.
There are five sections in the question paper - English Language (28 to 32 questions), Current Affairs including General Knowledge (35 to 39 questions), Legal Reasoning (35 to 39 questions), Logical Reasoning (28 to 32 questions) and Quantitative Techniques (13 to 17 questions).
So, we see that Current Affairs, including General Knowledge and Legal Reasoning have maximum weightage of 25% each. English Language and Logical Reasoning have 20% weightage each. Quantitative Techniques (General Maths) has least weightage - just 10%.
Comprehension includes passages of about 450 words each. These passages will be derived from contemporary or historically significant fiction and non-fiction writing, and would be of a standard that a 12th standard student may be able to read in about 5-7 minutes. Each passage will be followed by a series of questions that will require you to demonstrate your comprehension and language skills.
Vocabulary includes Spellings, Synonyms, Antonyms, Idioms and Phrases One Word Substitution
This section also have questions to check your grammar skills (preposition, pronoun, articles etc.) and correcting errors in sentences and also ordering of sentences.
Tip-> From the trend we see that vocabulary covers sizeable portion. 50% questions are directly asked on various forms of vocabulary, such as synonyms, antonyms, idioms and phrases, spellings, finding odd word and the closest meaning. It is because your word power must be strong for the legal field.
Current Affairs Including General Knowledge
General Knowledge is one of the most important and equally tricky section because of its vastness. GK has broadly two components, i.e., static GK and current affairs (CA).
This section includes a series of questions that will require you to demonstrate your awareness of various aspects of current affairs and general knowledge.
Static G.K. includes History, Polity, Geography, Science, Economy, General Awareness (Books, UNO. Records, First and Last. Highest. Tallest. Smallest, Biggest)
Tip -> In CLAT exam, it is noted that more weightage is given to current affairs (dynamic GK) rather than static GK!
In this section, you will be expected to read passages of around 450 words each. The passages may relate to fact situations or scenarios involving legal matters, public policy questions or moral philosophical enquiries. You will not require any prior knowledge of law. You will benefit from a general awareness of contemporary legal and moral issues to better apply general principles or propositions to the given fact scenarios.
Legal awareness includes List of Legal Terms, Constitutional Law and Legal GK.
Legal reasoning includes Law of Torts, Civil Law, Criminal Law, Miscellaneous (Hindu Marriage and Adoption Act, Environmental Pollution. Copyright Violation)
Tip -> The trends of previous years’ papers clearly indicate that Constitutional Law and Law of Torts are given the highest precedence as compared to other components of Legal Aptitude.
The Logical Reasoning section of the UG-CLAT 2020 will include a series of short passages of about 300 words each. Each passage will be followed by one or more questions that will require you to:
- Recognize an argument, its premises and conclusions;
- Read and identify the arguments set out in the passage;
- Critically analyse patterns of reasoning, and assess how conclusions may depend on particular premises or evidence;
- Infer what follows from the passage and apply these inferences to new situations;
- Draw relationships and analogies, identify contradictions and equivalence, and assess the effectiveness of arguments.
This section includes questions on Series Analogy , Venn Diagrams, Blood Relations, Sitting Arrangement, Distance and Directions Statement and Assumptions Statement and Argument Cause and Effect Logical Deductions
Tip -> The most important topics (where multiple questions are asked) are blood relations, distance, direction, sitting arrangements. In addition to these, the other important topics are series, analogy, classification, Venn diagram, statement assumption and statement arguments. This section demands lot of regular practice.
Quantitative Techniques (General Mathametics)
The Quantitative Techniques section of the UG-CLAT 2020 will include short sets of facts or propositions, graphs, or other textual, pictorial or diagrammatic representations of numerical information, followed by a series of questions. You will be required to derive information from such passages, graphs, or other representations, and apply mathematical operations on such information.
The questions will require you to:
- Derive, infer, and manipulate numerical information set out in such passages, graphs, or other representations; and
- Apply various 10th standard mathematical operations on such information, including from areas such as ratios and proportions, basic algebra, mensuration and statistical estimation.
This section includes questions on Average, Simplification, Simple/Compound Interest, Time, Work and Distance, Profit and Loss Ration and Proportion, Probability, Area of Volume Probability, Surds and Indices
Tip -> The topics invariably covered are average, simplification, ration/proportion, simple interest/compound interest, (time-workdistance), partnership, area/ volume, probability, surds and indices. For this purpose, refreshing your fundamentals from 9th and 10th standard school books and bit of practice will be sufficient.
As of 2020, the number of National Law Schools accepting the CLAT scores has increased to 22 and a few private universities have also started accepting CLAT scores now.
Here is the list of participating colleges for CLAT 2020 exam.
Following private universities have signed a MOU with the Consortium of NLU to use the CLAT 2020 scores:
Alliance University, Bangalore
Apex University, Jaipur
Aryans College of Law, Rajpura, Chandigarh
Bennett University (Times of India Group)
ITM University, Raipur
JECRC University, Jaipur
Manipal University, Jaipur
OM Sterling Global University , Hisar , Haryana
Raffles University, Neemrana
Sai Nath University, Ranchi, Jharkhand
Shri Ram Murti Smarak College of Law, Bareilly
Shyam University, Dausa (Rajasthan)
Siddhartha Law College, Dehradun
Xavier Law School, Bhubaneswar, Xavier University